* Independent Director
Martyn D. Greenacre*
Martyn D. Greenacre has served on our board since February 2000 and was a director of Creative BioMolecules, Inc., a predecessor life science company, from June 1993 to July 2000. Mr. Greenacre served as Chairman of Life Mist L.L.C., a privately-held company in the field of fire suppression, from September 2001 to December 2016. From June 1997 to June 2001, Mr. Greenacre was Chief Executive Officer of Delsys Pharmaceutical Corporation, a drug formulation company. From 1993 to 1997, Mr. Greenacre was President and Chief Executive Officer of Zynaxis, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company. Prior to Zynaxis, Inc., Mr. Greenacre served in various senior management positions at SmithKline Beecham, a pharmaceuticals company, from 1973 through 1992. Mr. Greenacre also serves as a director of Formula Pharmaceuticals. Previously, Mr. Greenacre served as a director of Acusphere, Inc., Cephalon, Inc., Neostem, Inc. (now Caladrius, Inc.) and Orchestra Therapeutics, Inc., and as a director and Chairman of BMP Sunstone Corporation. Mr. Greenacre received an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School and a B.A. from Harvard College.
Kenneth I. Kaitin, Ph.D.*
Kenneth I. Kaitin, Ph.D., has served on our board since November 2003. Since July 1998, Dr. Kaitin has been the Director of the Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development, an academic drug policy research group providing strategic information to help drug developers, regulators, and policy makers improve the quality and efficiency of the drug development process. Since August 2014, Dr. Kaitin has held a primary appointment as Professor at the Tufts University School of Medicine, as well as secondary appointments as Professor of Medicine and Professor of Integrative Physiology and Pathobiology at Tufts University School of Medicine. In December 2014, Dr. Kaitin received the appointment of Advisory Professor at Shanghai Medical College of Fudan University. Since September 1999, he has served on the faculty of the European Center for Pharmaceutical Medicine at the University of Basel, and since April 2006 he has been a Visiting Executive at the Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth College. At the Tufts University School of Medicine, Dr. Kaitin was a Research Associate Professor of Medicine from October 2003 to May 2008 and a Research Professor from May 2008 to August 2014. Dr. Kaitin has written extensively on a broad range of drug development issues and has provided public testimony before the U.S. Congress in hearings on pharmaceutical innovation and FDA reform. Dr. Kaitin is a former Editor-in-Chief of the Drug Information Journal, and from 1997 to 1998 he was President of the Drug Information Association. He is currently Editor-in-Chief of Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, and he serves on the editorial boards of a number of peer-review journals. Dr. Kaitin serves as an expert consultant to the U.S. Department of Defense on Bioterror Countermeasure issues. Dr. Kaitin received an M.S. and Ph.D. in pharmacology from the University of Rochester and a B.S. from Cornell University.
Lori A. Kunkel M.D.
Dr. Kunkel has served on our Board since November 2016 and currently serves on the Board of Directors at Loxo Oncology, Inc., Maverick Therapeutics, Inc., and Tocagen, Inc. Dr. Kunkel is also a clinical advisor to Amphivena Therapeutics, Inc., Atreca, Inc. and Verastem, Inc. Previously, she served as Chief Medical Officer at Loxo Oncology, Pharmacyclics, ACT, Syndax, and Proteolix (acquired by Onyx), as well as in senior clinical roles at Baxter Healthcare, Chiron, and Genentech, Inc.
Prior to joining the biotechnology industry in 1995, Dr. Kunkel spent ten years in academic/clinical medicine and served as a faculty member in the Division of Hematology/Oncology’s Bone Marrow Transplant Unit at UCLA. She trained in internal medicine at Baylor College of Medicine, hematology at USC and oncology at UCLA, earning board certifications in these specialties. Dr. Kunkel received a B.A. from UCSD and an M.D. from USC.
Marc Rubin, M.D.*
Marc Rubin has served on our board since June 2010. Dr. Rubin has served as Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of Titan Pharmaceuticals, Inc. since May 2009. He held the position of President and Chief Executive Officer of Titan Pharmaceuticals from October 2007 until December 2008. From June 2006 until February 2007, Dr. Rubin served as Head of Global Research and Development for Bayer Schering Pharma, as well as a member of the Executive Committee of Bayer Healthcare and the Board of Management of Bayer Schering Pharma. Beginning in October 2003 and until the merger of Bayer Pharmaceuticals and Schering AG in June 2006, Dr. Rubin was a member of the Executive Board of Schering AG with responsibility for global development and for three global business units, including the oncology business unit, as well as Chairman of Schering Berlin Inc. and President of Berlex Pharmaceuticals, a division of Schering AG. From 1990 until August 2003, Dr. Rubin was employed by GlaxoSmithKline where he held positions in global clinical and commercial development overseeing programs in the United States, Europe, Asia and Latin America. From 2001 through 2003, he was Senior Vice President of Global Clinical Pharmacology & Discovery Medicine.
Ali Fattaey, Ph.D.
In June 2014, Dr. Fattaey was appointed as a Director and as our President and Chief Executive Officer. From February 2013, Dr. Fattaey has served as our President and Chief Operating Officer. From 2011 until February 2013, Dr. Fattaey served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of ACT Biotech, Inc., a biotechnology company. Dr. Fattaey served as ACT Biotech's Chief Operating and Scientific Officer from 2008 until 2010. From June 2006 until January 2008, Dr. Fattaey served as the Director, Science and Technology at the Melanoma Therapeutics Foundation, a non-profit organization. From January 2005 until June 2006, Dr. Fattaey was a strategic consultant. Dr. Fattaey was previously employed at Sagres Discovery as its Chief Scientific Officer from November 2001 until April 2004 and subsequently as the Senior Vice President of Discovery Research at Chiron Corporation following Chiron's acquisition of Sagres Discovery. Dr. Fattaey was employed by Onyx Pharmaceuticals from January 1994 until June 2001, most recently as its Vice President of Discovery Research. Dr. Fattaey received his Ph.D. in microbiology from Kansas State University in 1989 and was a Research Fellow in Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center.